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mutual fund investing

3 Important Facts to Know Before You Invest in Mutual Funds

3 important facts to know before you invest in mutual funds

Here are three facts that are the bare bone necessities to know before you start to invest in mutual funds. In this series, I will give you information little by little about mutual funds until I feel you have a great grasp on the topic, and can choose your own high quality funds.

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1. WHAT IS A MUTUAL FUND?

A mutual fund combines money from several investors to invest in different types of investments or investment companies. The investments could be stocks, bonds, money market instruments’ or other types of investments.

Each investor in the mutual fund hold a proportion of the investment in the way of shares. There are low-risk, mid-risk and high risk mutual fund companies, as well as low earning and high earning companies.

One mutual fund company is typically very diversified and can invest in as many as 400 companies or as few as 40 companies. Diversity is what takes much of the risk out of mutual funds.

Important facts to know about mutual funds

2. HOW DO I PURCHASE A MUTUAL FUND?

Stocks are purchased from stock exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange, usually through a brokerage office or online broker. Mutual funds are baskets of stocks and can be purchased from a variety of places.

Mutual fund shares are purchased from the mutual fund company itself or from a broker. When you are educated in mutual funds, which I intend to do, you can easily purchase your own mutual funds online at any number of investment companies.

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3. WHO OVERSEES THE MUTUAL FUNDS I INVEST IN?

Registered and licensed Investment Advisers, in a team or individually, manage investment portfolios of mutual funds.

Investors have an advantage, by using the expertise and experience of the advisers.

You can go to sec.gov or finra.org to verify that your adviser is a registered investment adviser.

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5 Frequently Asked Questions About Mutual Funds For Women

Frequently asked questions about mutual funds

5 Frequently Asked Questions About Mutual Funds For Women
I have given a lot of lectures about mutual funds for women. I like mutual funds because, if you do your research you can purchase low-cost and low-risk mutual funds on your own. Mutual funds are easy to understand and invest in. You can do it yourself once you have done some research. Here are five of about twenty-five of my most frequently asked questions about mutual funds by women I lectured to. After a few decades of successfully investing in mutual funds, I felt it is only fair that I share my expertise with you.

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  • ARE MY MUTUAL FUND INVESTMENTS GUARANTEED AT ALL?

Insurance is provided by the SIPC, which covers fraud. In other words, if you invest your money in company “C”, a registered investment company (registration with finra should be checked), and it is stolen by the President of Company “C”, you will be covered for up to $500,000 for each account, depending on the circumstances. Example: If a husband and wife have a joint account it is covered up to $500,000, if the each have additional retirement accounts in their separate names, the retirement accounts each are covered up to $500,000. Here is the SIPC insurance breakdown.

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  • WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF INVESTING IN A MUTUAL FUND?

With a mutual fund you will get professional management, diversification, an affordable investment, and it is liquid. This is one of the main reasons that I encourage investors to invest in mutual funds, after reading my frequently ask questions about mutual funds. It only takes a little research and study to master mutual funds, but because there is a learning curve I encourage you to master them first.

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  • WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF INVESTING IN A MUTUAL FUND?

You still have costs even when returns are negative, you don’t control the investments totally, you don’t know for sure if the price will go up after you purchase – but after research you can verify that you are getting a quality mutual fund where there is a good chance the price will rise in the future. If you invest on your own you can keep cost low and more money will go to you, but if you go with a broker, you will be required to pay brokers fees which are sometimes hidden and costly.

  •  YOU CAN EARN MONEY FROM YOUR MUTUAL FUND IN THREE WAYS

Dividend Payments — A fund may earn income in the form of dividends and interest on the securities in its portfolio. The fund then pays its shareholders nearly all of the income (minus disclosed expenses) it has earned in the form of dividends.

Capital Gains Distributions — The price of the securities a fund owns may increase. When a fund sells a security that has increased in price, the fund has a capital gain. At the end of the year, most funds distribute these capital gains (minus any capital losses) to investors. Most mutual funds pay money into your mutual fund account yearly, a few pay on a quarterly basis. This means if you pull your money from your mutual fund that pays out capital gains and dividends at years end, you will lose your profits.  So, be patient, and know your payout date.

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Compounded Returns – unlike simple interest accounts the interest on top of the dividends and capital gains will compound year after year, giving you compounded interest.

  • WHAT IS THE NAV OF MY MUTUAL FUND

Increased NAV (Net Asset Value) — If the market value of a fund’s portfolio increases (from dividends and capital gains), and after deduction of expenses and liabilities, then the value (NAV) of the fund and its shares increases. The higher NAV reflects the higher value of your investment. The more the NAV increases, the more money your investment will be worth. The NAV value can fluctuate from month to month or year to year, the important point to look at is that it has a net increase over time.

You have two choices:

Let someone else manage your money and end up with little or nothing OR learn some simple basic rules that could turn a little into a lot over time. I provide you with all the help you need in my eBook on Mutual Funds. I even give a 30-minute free clarification session after you read this article. The eBook I have written is clear and concise, after you finish it you will understand how to efficiently invest in mutual funds.

Lois Center-Shabazz | Course Delta Agency

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I cover dozens of frequently asked questions about mutual funds in this eBook. Get this eBook and 7 more when you take the “Course for fantastic Finances”

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Why Women Need to Understand Investing Now

Investing Money for Beginners

Why women need to understand investing now

There Are No Guarantees if Women Do Not Understand Investing

Women need to understand investing now because there are no guarantees you will stay married or even get married, women need to know how to take care of their finances. This is the start of investing money for beginners. This includes learning stock mutual funds, bond mutual funds and simple index funds. With these three types of funds you can buy stocks inexpensively, with low risk and learn to read charts that are not difficult. 

But understanding investing now means you need to understand sane savings (my mantra), mega-money management (because everything is ultra-expensive), and investing (because you need to stay ahead of inflation to keep your money growing).

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Far too many women are still taught to be financially dependent, even when you work, and many don’t get involved in family finances since you feel prince charming will be there to protect them forever. It is important to work together on finances, and staying out of family finances could have dire consequences foreither spouse. Stay involved in your family finances.

Divorce or Death Effecting Your Finances

Because you have at least a 50% chance of divorce and even greater chance of being separated from your spouse, it is imperative that you understand all the nuances of money, including investing. I focus on mutual funds because, 1. That is where my long term expertise and success is, 2. They are easy to understand once you put some “peddle to the metal” and study some of what I call, “mutual fund research”. 

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If you are not dependent on your husband to take care of all finances during your marriage, or an adviser if you are single, then you will know what to at any time, including with an illness, accident, or death. Dependency is not a good thing.

Many women fall victim to con artist who prey on women with money and no financial skills, because they are not familiar with the ease at which others prey on those without financial experience. Understanding stocks, bonds and mutual funds will create a knowledge bubble around you, that will keep you safe.

There are literally millions who have lost millions due to being trusting and naive. Don’t make yourself a victim by keeping your financial knowledge and skills very low. The potential for divorce or death from a spouse are a major reason why women need to understand investing.

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Protect Yourself Now and in The Future and Protect Your Money

There are many women who never write a check or pay a bill, after getting married. That is hard to imagine, but it exists. Writing checks and paying bills are a powerful way to keep yourself aware of family finances and the limitations of money.

Then you monitor investments in mutual funds, or other investments for savings, college, or retirement, this gives you another layer of awareness and will help protect your finances now and in the future. I speak to beginning investors all the time who can’t analyze the simplest investments. This is not acceptable. Teaching investing for beginngers is something I am passionate about so you can protect specialty finances. 

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Therefore, women need to understand investing. Social security is meant to be a supplement, that is why the payout is very low for most people. Your 401k can be overrun with success if you know investing money for beginners. If you have a pension or get your husbands pension from death or divorce you can still benefit from know how it invest money. 

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When you understand investing, the chances are good you will also understand how to grow your investment retirement account and hold on to the accounts build by you or your spouse. Understanding why women need to understand investing will create an entire class of new and capable investors, who can also teach their daughters.

Lois Center-Shabazz | Course Delta Agency

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Learn to Invest, Stocks to Mutual Funds

9 Great Ways to Understand Mutual Funds

How to Understand Mutual Funds

9 Great Ways to Understand Mutual Funds

Understand mutual funds by beginning with the definition of a mutual fund, and then going on to understand the different types of mutual funds.

A mutual fund is a company that pools money from many investors and invests the money in securities such as stocks, bonds, and short-term debt.

The combined holdings of the mutual fund are known as its portfolio. Investors buy shares in mutual funds. Each share represents an investor’s part
ownership in the fund and the income it generates.

What Are Mutual Funds Used For?

Mutual funds are investments that are generally long-term investments that are used for general savings, retirement savings, and college fund savings.

Mutual funds are purchased because they are professionally managed, diversified investments, an affordable investment, and liquid.

Some have up front fees to purchase and or sell called loads. Some have no-loads, but all have yearly management fees from as low as .2 to 8%.

I prefer fees less than 1% with no-loads. There are good mutual funds that fall into all categories.

Mutual funds make money when dividends are paid, usually every 3 months to every 12 months. Capital gains are usually every 12 months. Mutual funds also make money when the NAV value of the fund increases. The NAV is the Net Asset Value of the mutual fund, similar to the price of a single share of stock.
There are many types of mutual funds within these nine types of mutual funds. Here are the 9 different major types of mutual funds. The risks of mutual fund investing runs the gamut of very low to very high and many levels in between within one type of fund. Do your research thoroughly before investing in order to understand mutual funds.

I have invested in mutual funds for at least 30 years now, and they have served me well.

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The 9 Different Types of Mutual Funds:

1. Allocation
Risk: Low to Medium

Allocation funds are a combination of stock and fixed income securities and are subject to the risks involved in each of these security types. Stock markets are volatile and can fluctuate significantly in response to company, industry, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments. In general, the bond market
is volatile and fixed income securities that carry the interest rate, inflation, price volatility and other risks.

2. Alternative
Risk: From Low Risk to High

The fund may invest in securities that may have a leveraging effect (such as derivative and forward-settling securities) which may increase market exposure, magnify investment risks, and cause losses to be realized more quickly.

3. Commodities
Risk: High

The commodities industry can be significantly affected by commodity prices, world events, import controls, worldwide competition, government regulations, and economic conditions.

4. International Equity
Risk: Medium to High

Foreign markets can be more volatile than U.S. markets due to increased risks of adverse issuer, political, market, or economic developments, all of which are magnified in emerging markets. These risks are particularly significant for funds that focus on a single country or region.

Make absolutely sure your budget is in order before you begin to understand mutual funds and start investing.

5. Money Market Mutual Funds
Risk: Very Low

A money market mutual fund is a type of fixed income mutual fund that invests in debt securities characterized by their short maturities and minimal credit risk. You could lose money by investing in a money market fund. An investment in a money market fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Before investing always read a money market fund’s prospectus for policies specific to that fund.

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6. Municipal Bond Mutual Funds
Risk: Very Low to Low

The municipal market can be affected by adverse tax, legislative or political changes and the financial condition of the issuers of municipal securities. Interest rate increases can cause the price of a municipal bond to decrease.

7. Sector Equity Mutual Funds
Risk: Medium to High

Stock markets, especially foreign markets, are volatile and can decline significantly in response to adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments. Sector funds can be more volatile because of their narrow concentration in a specific industry.

8. Taxable Bond Mutual Funds
Risk: Very Low to Medium

In general, the bond market is volatile, and fixed income securities carry interest rate risk. As interest rates rise, bond prices usually fall, and vice versa. Fixed income securities also carry inflation risk, liquidity risk, call risk, and credit and default risks. Unlike individual bonds, most bond funds do not have a maturity date, so avoiding losses caused by price volatility by holding them until maturity is not possible.

9. U.S. Equity Stock Mutual Funds
Risk: Low to Medium

Stock markets are volatile and can fluctuate significantly in response to company, industry, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments. Investing in stock involves risks, including the loss of principal.

You will understand mutual funds when you begin with understanding the different types of mutual funds.

Lois Center-Shabazz | Course Delta Agency
Personal Finance: Author, Blogger, Course Creator, Money Strategist

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Fantastic Finances Poll For a Personal Finance Bounce

Help Us Create a Great Fantastic Finances Course for You.

We’re VERY close to finishing our long-awaited Fantastic Finances Course For a Personal Finance Bounce.

I have been working on this online course for more than four years, but I am finally going to wrap it up. I will be releasing it in September. This very short fantastic finances poll will help us help you get the right course.

fantastic finances pollThis course will be entirely focused on “Support and Positive Financial Change”. It will include eight weeks of printed pdf’s, 8 complete personal finance books by Lois Center-Shabazz — in the form of downloadable eBooks, video tutorials on 8 crucial personal finance topics, a guide to create your Most Valuable Finances (MVF) profile, a complete course outline to guide you through the Most Valuable Finances Course, a Facebook support group, and a weekly live question and answer session with Money Pro and course founder,  Lois Center-Shabazz.

It is going to be a complete brain dump of everything we know about “Support and Positive Financial Change”.

We are going to cover all the ways that we use to generate our support and positive change zones, and we are going to show you exactly how we change those zones to increase your net worth and financial IQ for life.

HOWEVER, we need your help. Before we finalize everything and send it off to the web course portal, we need to make sure we have covered everything. So please help us create the right online course with this Fantastic Finances Poll For a Personal Finance Bounce

This is where YOU come in. Please take a few minutes to answer this super-short survey — there is only one thing we want to ask you.

YOUR POLL QUESTION: What are YOUR top two questions about Support and Positive Financial Change that we absolutely NEED to answer in our Fantastic Finances Training Course? —->
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3 Ways Mutual Funds Are Cost Effective

Mutual Funds Are Cost Effective
3 Ways Mutual Funds Are Cost Effective

You Can Choose No-Load

Mutual funds are cost effective mainly because you don’t have to pay to buy a mutual fund. Some investments including annuities and high cost mutual funds decrease your profits as time goes on.

You can pay $0 per purchase, for a mutual fund bought directly form an investment company, or you can pay $8 for a mutual fund purchase through a broker.

This means every time you purchase shares in a mutual fund you must pay a load. In no-load mutual funds there are still other charges that will affect your profits such as yearly fees. You can choose quality mutual funds with low yearly fees. I can demonstrate how to find mutual funds that have low yearly fees for you.

You Can Choose Low Cost When It Comes to Yearly Fees

There are many high cost mutual funds, but you can choose low-cost mutual funds that will significantly increase your returns over time, since yearly fees are charged every single year.

 As stated above there are many factors to look at. I can show you all the fees involved to maximize your mutual fund returns and show you that mutual funds are cost effective.

You Can Choose Low-Risk

There are many types of mutual funds, just because a mutual fund is medium or high risk does not mean it is not a good fund.

I have made money on many medium and high risk mutual funds through the years.

 It only means that the ups and downs are less, and the risk of temporary decreases in value is much less. I can show you how to determine if you are a low, mid, or high-risk person. And I how to create a great mutual fund portfolio no matter what you are using it for. 

When you consider the load, the fees, and a few other factors, you will find mutual funds are cost effective ways to build your money.

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An Excerpt From My Mutual Funds eBook

Introduction to Basic Investing   

My mutual funds ebook excerpt

Would you give your baby to a stranger and tell them, I will be back to pick up my baby in 21 years? Make sure you take good care of him or her. Your answer should be an emphatic “no”, if you care about yourself, your baby, or your lives.

The same should hold with your financial future. Your saving and retirement investments. If you want to be successful accumulating money for future use, either the near future or the far future. Just like your children, you must know who is managing your money and what they are doing with your money, what the risk are and what the investment costs; rather stocks, mutual funds, CD’s, money markets, real estate or annuities. It all cost money to invest money, in terms of fees.

Online Investment Portals

Because of online investment portals, it is relatively easy to research and learn about investing well enough to analyze investments that your broker recommends. You can also monitor your investments at online portals and study the latest information about investments and investing.

Why I Wrote My Mutual Funds eBook

Some folks think you have to be rich to invest money. That is not true, and why I wrote the mutual funds eBook. You have choices of investing in your employee retirement account. You can save for college in an investment account, you can save for an individual retirement account, and save for general savings. All of these require basic investing knowledge by first reading this eBook and then going online to study investing in the online portals, then you can set up an account and monitor the progress.

I started investing a long time ago. First, I used brokers at brick and mortar companies. But, quickly became discouraged because I didn’t know what they were doing with my money. I worked hard for that money. I never had the fear that I was involved in a Madoff type investment firm (as you recall Bernie Madoff stole billions of dollars from investors in an illegal firm), because I used major investment companies.

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But, you can still lose your principle with major firms, if you use investment advisers who invest your money in high risk investments that go under. First of all, there are low risk investments that pay good returns over time, and very low cost investments, where the cost don’t eat up your returns.

After I used brick and mortar companies that didn’t tell me what they were doing with money, I started using online companies. I took classes, I read quality investment magazines, I read books, and then I talked to online investment advisers associated with my online investment company.

Investment Research

I also read a lot of investment research in my online investment portal. Knowing my investments, monitoring my investments, and getting top notch advice when I need it made all the difference in my bottom line.

By the time you finish this eBook you should know the difference between a high risk and low risk investment, a bond, mutual fund and money market account, and money market investment, and a stock. By the way, most investments and most areas of life are based on stocks. Stocks are the basic investment. Pretty much everything you use is derived from a company that invests your goods or services in “stocks”.

Mutual Funds Origin

Mutual funds are based on stocks, annuities are based on stocks. The other vehicle is bonds, the opposite of stocks. With both stocks and bonds — you have high risk and low risk in each category and you have high cost and low cost in each category.

There are other types of investments as well. The main caveat I always used is, “I don’t ever invest in anything I don’t fully understand”. I don’t care what ANYONE says, “if I can’t research it and understand it, I don’t invest in it”. I also make sure that any company I use is a registered investment company with a verifiable good reputation.

My Primary Investments

My primary investments are in mutual funds. They are especially good for beginners and busy people since they are professionally managed, you can find low risk funds, and low cost funds to invest in.

Do you want to be a vulnerable and confused person? or a Knowledgeable, happy and self-assured investor? You can start with my complete, easy to read and understand mutual funds eBook. Contact me with questions when you are done. Learn investing; From Stocks to Mutual Funds in 47 Ways.
Since mutual funds consist of a basket of stocks, I start the conversation with beginner stock knowledge.

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Lois Center-Shabazz | Course Delta Agency
Author, Blogger, Course Creator, Investor, & Money Strategist

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